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3D helmets of astronauts Crew Dragon
#SIU_news 2020-06-03 00:00:00
On May 30, the Crew Dragon spacecraft went into space. The peculiarity of the project is that the equipment of SpaceX astronauts was done by personal standards, and the astronauts 3D helmets were created on a three-dimensional printer. Futuristic costumes attracted the attention of viewers with an unusual design. The new equipment is more reminiscent of the clothes of superheroes from Hollywood blockbusters, but is not inferior to the classic emergency models in functionality.
The launch of an American ship into orbit is a historic event. SpaceX undertook to develop a spacecraft for delivering astronauts to the ISS for relatively small funds and coped with the task.
The board of Crew Dragon was already going into space in automatic mode in March of this year. However, this ship after a successful return exploded during ground tests.
The Demo-2 expedition started on a similar vehicle of the same series, but with a crew. The project did not involve the ship going above the atmosphere. The flight program included testing of security systems - a minute after launch, capsule was shot and touched. The first stage of the Falcon9 rocket has already returned to Earth and is located on a floating ocean platform.
Astronauts Douglas Hurley, Robert Benken, Victor Glover, Michael Hopkins, selected for the first and second piloting of a spaceship of this series, were preparing for the project at a training base at Cape Canaveral. There, pilots first tested the innovative spacesuits custom-made by SpaceX. Now the astronauts have already arrived at the International Space Station and praised the innovative uniforms.
After the completion of the test expedition, Demo-2 Crew Dragon will be transferred to the museum, and a series of devices will be certified and put into service.
A fundamentally new space uniform was created by SpaceX engineers with the assistance of NASA consultants. Veterans who worked on the ISS and made space missions evaluated the operational capabilities of the updated equipment and compared it with the models used earlier.
Unanimously, soft spacesuits were deemed more comfortable and stylish. Equipment, demanded during the flights of NASA veterans, did not have a built-in full-fledged support system and did not imply a long battery life.
In addition, the uniform design has not changed since the 70-80s of the last century.
The new lightweight spacesuits are designed to stay in outer space. Products are able to protect the crew from decompression during depressurization of the spacecraft. The advanced equipment is worn entirely, its design is compact, provides comfort and mobility when working in unusual conditions. Connectors for life support systems are arranged on a single panel located on the right thigh. The equipment is supplied with power and oxygen from the on-board systems. Gloves are designed to work with touchscreens.
SpaceX's tight-fitting 3D helmets are made using 3D printing and tailored to individual astronaut standards. The design of the products is thought out to the smallest detail. The helmets are air-cooled; in the closed position, the visor is fixed with two locks with buttons on the sides. The model is equipped with built-in membranes, microphones, a mechanism that retracts and blocks the visor.
The design was entrusted to the Hollywood master Jose Fernandez of Ironhead Studios, who developed the equipment for large-scale fantastic epic films. Incredibly, at first the image of the spacesuits was invented, and only then the technological component was developed. A lot of attention is paid to hiding parts that perform only a technical function.
High-tech equipment is manufactured on advanced equipment. Work of any complexity can be performed on ProX SLS 6100 and Figure 4 Standalone printers. The first model allows the manufacture of durable parts that are resistant to mechanical stress. Polyamide makes it possible to produce elements with a flawless surface and clear edges. Ultrafast Figure 4 Standalone is designed for prototyping and small-scale production of objects with detailed detail. High performance allows you to organize a continuous cycle of manufacturing the necessary parts of any configuration.
The helmets for SpaceX spacesuits are made of innovative plastic, the wall thickness is 25 mm. The design is made like a motorcycle, but its compact size makes it possible to turn its head only at a small angle. A slightly flattened shape looks more interesting than the previous-generation ball models.
The SpaceX spacesuit has become a symbol of the next historic stage in space exploration, but the opportunity to massively implement the company's technical solutions and launch large-scale production of futuristic suits and 3D helmets Crew Dragon will not be a reality soon.
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